Hair loss in men is a cause for concern as it has an impact on physical and emotional well-being. Although hair loss is prevalent in men over 50s, some men may start losing hair as early as in their 20s. Bald spots, receding hairlines, and thinning hair are sure signs of hair loss issues.

Causes of Hair Loss

Also known as ‘alopecia,’ hair loss is the gradual and progressive loss of hair due to various causes such as poor nutrition, hormonal imbalances, genetic baldness, and scalp bacteria. Genetic pattern baldness is the predominant factor seen in a majority of men. Androgenetic Alopecia is a male pattern hair loss (MPHL) caused due to the predisposition of androgens named‘testosterone’ and ‘dihydrotestosterone.’

Types of Alopecia

Androgenetic Alopecia: Approximately over 50% of men and women over the age of 40 years are affected by this hair loss disorder. As an inherited condition, it leads to progressive and relentless hair loss. This is commonly seen in men than in women, with a distinctive pattern.

Alopecia Areata: Patchy hair loss is a result of a possible autoimmune disorder. From diffuse thinning to extensive bald areas, ‘islands’ of retained hair are visible in a patient with this condition. Oval or round areas of hair loss can gradually progress to complete loss of scalp hair.

Traction Alopecia: Chronic traction or pulling on the hair follicle causes this form of alopecia. Females who are used to tight braiding or cornrow hairstyle and men who attach hairpieces to existing hair experience such hair loss over a long period of time.

Triangular Alopecia: Loss of hair in the temporal areas can be partial or complete. Sometimes, this condition can begin in childhood. Although the cause is not known, this hair loss can be treated according to a medical or surgical plan.

Scarring Alopecia: Injury to the scalp due to burns or physical trauma can leave permanent scars and cause permanent hair loss. Scarring of the scalp is also caused due to diseases such as autoimmune conditions, bacterial infections, viral infections, and post-menopausal inflammation of hair follicles.

Telogen Effluvium: In this condition, a lot of scalp hair goes into shedding phase, resulting in massive hair loss. The causes range from hormones and nutrition to drugs and stress.

Trichotillomania: Compulsive and habitual plucking of hair from the scalp or other hair-bearing area can result in typically patchy hair loss. Such hair loss needs to be treated in conjunction with addressing the psychological or emotional reasons.

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